Celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival
|Time of establishment
The Dragon Boat Festival has a wide influence in the world, and some countries and regions in the world also have activities to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival.
In May 2006, the State Council included it in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list; since 2008, it has been listed as a national statutory holiday.
In September 2009, UNESCO officially approved it to be included in the "Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity", and the Dragon Boat Festival became the first festival in China to be included in the world's intangible cultural heritage.
The most widely circulated legend is that the poet Qu Yuan of Chu State during the Warring States Period committed suicide by jumping into the Miluo River on the fifth day of the fifth month of the fifth lunar month. Later generations also regarded the Dragon Boat Festival as a festival to commemorate Qu Yuan, as well as to commemorate WuZixu, Caoe and JieZitui.
The origin of the Dragon Boat Festival covers ancient astrological culture, humanistic philosophy, etc., and contains profound and rich cultural connotations. In the inheritance and development, a variety of folk customs are mixed into one. Due to different regional cultures, there are customs and details in different places. difference.
Since the Republic of China, after decades of changing customs, many old customs of the Dragon Boat Festival have been gradually forgotten by people, but the Dragon Boat Festival is still a popular traditional festival among the people, and zongzi is an indispensable festive food.
Dragon boating has a long history and is a multi-person collective paddling competition. Before the dragon boat race, a grand sacrificial ceremony is usually held, and the dragon and the gods must be invited first. In the past, when people sacrificed to the Dragon God, the atmosphere was very serious. In Qu Yuan's hometown of Hubei Province, there are also ceremonies of rowing a dragon boat to worship Qu Yuan.
Hanging wormwood and calamus.Arranging all kinds of flowers and plants that can exorcise evil spirits and cure diseases on the Dragon Boat Festival has a long history. People take wormwood and calamus as one of the important contents of the Dragon Boat Festival. Due to the special fragrance of wormwood, people use it to repel diseases, prevent mosquitoes and ward off evil spirits.
Eating zongzi on the Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional custom of the Chinese nation since ancient times.Due to the different eating habits in different places, zongzi has formed a north-south flavor; in terms of taste, zongzi can be divided into two categories: salty zongzi and sweet zongzi. The custom of eating rice dumplings on the Dragon Boat Festival has been prevalent in China for thousands of years. It has become one of the most influential and wide-ranging folk eating customs of the Chinese nation, and has spread to Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian countries.
The Dragon Boat Festival, the Spring Festival, the Ching Ming Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival are also known as the four traditional festivals in China. It is the responsibility of history to inherit and carry forward the cultural connotation of the Dragon Boat Festival.
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